Mohammed Amin Khan
Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassah
Mohammed Amin Khan (1852-1855), the largest of its kind madrassah in the whole of Central Asia. Its area is 78×60 m can hold 250 students, or more precisely serves rather 137 tourists since it turned into the hotel. The building of the Madrasah includes a tour agency, hotel, currency exchange office, and cafe now. This structure is placed situated opposite the Kunya-Ark at the Western Gate.
The architecture of the madrasah building is astonishing. The majestic, restored portal leads to a left-hand mosque/hotel bar and a classic courtyard layout that in times past held sessions of the city’s supreme Muslim court. Entrance to the twisting corridors is largely unfettered, to reveal unique double roomed cells that look uncharacteristically outwards and also a series of rooms in the northeast corner of the madrassah that allow reluctant access to the Kalta Minaret.
Along with the unfinished Kalta Minor it was intended by its patron, Mohammad Amin Khan (r. 1845-55) to be the centerpiece of a grand new ensemble alongside the west gate to the city. But, the Khan’s short reign (interrupted by his beheading at the hands of Turkmen raiders, who sent the head to the Shah of Persia) prevented him from fully realizing his architectural ambitions.