CULTURE and traditions
Kazakh customs, clothing, cuisine, games and more
Kazakhstan is a multinational and multicultural country with a vast territory. Kazakh culture is not only a mixture of nations but it has also inherited a lof from different cultures nearby including China, Mongolia the Turkic cultures and Russia. Despite such a blend of cultures, each different nation of Kazakhstan has carefully preserved its cultural traditions and customs.
The core of Kazakh culture comes from their pastoral nomadic way of life. It includes the traditional yurt dwelling, a tent made of felt, which is still in often in use, both as a home and as a modern decorative object. In practice yurts are used mostly by the nomads in the rural areas. Traditional clothing custom that has adopted according to the steppe harsh climate, the lifestyle of Kazakh including games, crafts as well as celebration rituals.
Yurt of Kazakhs
The circular, felt-covered yurt is a potent image of Kazakh culture. Few Kazakhs now live in yurts, although they are still used by some pastoralists who move their herds into summer mountain pastures.
Camels in Kazakhstan
Camels played an essential role in the life of nomads in different ways: as working animals (pack, harness, riding), and as a source of milk, meat, wool, and leather.
Aitys is a song contest held between two agyns (improvising poets and singers in Kazakh and Kyrgyz cultures). In Aitysh performance, agyns usually play a national instrument called dombra and respond to each other in spontaneous rhyming verse on various topics. Sometimes they can make sarcastic political statements, criticize each other’s style, flirt (in case of the opposite sex) and even insult one another. However, they emphasize that it is all done in good humor. In 2015 the joint Kazakh-Kyrgyz nomination “Aitys/Aitysh, the art of improvisation” was inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of Humanity.
Tengrism - ancient religion
Ancient ethnic and state Turko-Mongoluc religion Tengrism originated in Central Asia and Eurasian steppes based on folk shamanism and centered around the titular sky god Tengri.
The nomadic way of life never really died out in Kazakhstan. The Kazakhs and their ancestors have preserved nomadic traditions on the open steppe for 3,000 years.
Kazakh cuisine is profoundly based on the nomadic past of the Kazakh people. The meat has always been dominated in the main meal primarily mutton and horse as well as numerous milk products. The methods of preparation were developed essentially for securing food preservation.
Kazakhstan National Clothing
Kazakh traditional clothes have a long history that reflects the Kazakhs lifestyle in the steppes. The region has very hot summers strong winds and the bitter cold of winter. Therefore clothing was mainly made of woolen, cottony silk, or velvet fabrics, and outer garments were usually lined with fur.
Kazakhstan National Craft
Kazakhstan has its unique folk crafts that originated in antiquity and developed over the years. Kazakh folk crafts formed under the influence of the nomadic culture of the Kazakh tribes. The tough and harsh life of the nomads forced Kazakh nomads to independently make everything they needed for life from what they had at hand.
Kazakhstan contains a wide variety of habitats, but of these, it is the steppe, the vast belt of dry grassland running across the country, which lies at the heart of the Kazakh identity. These areas, too dry for the cultivation of crops, promoted nomadic husbandry so central to Kazakh culture. The steppe landscapes, with their scent of wormwood and billowing waves of feather grass, are an enduring memory of a journey across Kazakhstan, even if the passage may at the time seem monotonous.The Steppe is the essence of Kazakhstan, its nature, its people, and its culture.
There is nothing more evocative of Kazakhstan than to sit in the Steppe, on a mid-May afternoon far from motor-roads, listening to the lark song soaring in the winds, watching the waving wild tulips and experiencing the billowing cumulus clouds as they scud across the empty heavens. The Steppe is the sound of the wind, the sun, the herby scent of the saxaul (Artemesia) plant, and the view of distant Kazakh grave sites atop a rise. The Kazakhs, more than any other Central Asian nation, are a people of the Steppes and most of their culture has emerged from it.
Kazakh National Games
Physical contests are massively popular in Kazakhstan; from wrestling in a ring to wrestling on horseback, from archery to various forms of horsemanship, all are popular at the celebrations.
Kazakh National Instruments
Music played a hugely important role for the nomadic Kazakhs. The most famous traditional instruments are string instruments such as the dombra the oldest Kazakh music instrument.
Kazakhstan National Holidays
Kazakhstan celebrates a huge number of festivals. One of the most popular one is Nauryz. It is a New Year’s eve according to the ancient Oriental calendar and the day of the spring equinox.
Kazakhstan domestically produced goods are highly valuable to the guest. Here you can find high-quality felt products, beautiful Kazakh ornament jewelry and unique leather products.
The famous Kazakhs
Notable people of Kazakhstan whose main contribution to Kazakh culture and folklore is through poetry, songs, writings, and philosophy.