Kyrgyzstan

199,951 km2
Area

Over 90% of Kyrgyzstan is covered by mountains. Unspoiled mountainscapes and rolling jailoos are brought to life by semi-nomadic, yurt-dwelling shepherds.

6,389,500
Population

The largest ethnic group are Kyrgyz, then Russians and Uzbeks. Minorities include also Dungans, Uyghurs, Tajiks, Kazakhs, Ukrainians, and other smaller ethnic groups. 35.5% of the population is urban.

Som (KGS)
Currency

Som is the national currency of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstani som is the only money in Central Asia featuring a woman on a paper banknote.

Bishkek Capital

Bishkek is located in the Chuy Valley, at the Northern edge of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too Range. About one million people inhabit Bishkek.

Kyrgyz
Russian

Both Kyrgyz and Russian are listed as official languages in Kyrgyzstan. In the regions people mainly speak Kyrgyz. Russian is more common in the Northern part of the country in the Bishkek region.

About Kyrgyzstan

Gorgeous mountains, alpine lakes, and even a large walnut forest, Kyrgyzstan is the perfect place for outdoor adventures. You can choose from a day of swimming at one of the many lakes, climbing a high peak, or an overnight horse trek and not forgetting fishing and hunting. 
Kyrgyz people have been and are still partly nomadic people who move continuously between the mountains and valleys of the regions with their cattle and live in their mobile home called yurt in the picture to the right. You may find that Kyrgyzstan is not that well prepared for tourists yet since some information still hard to get and the infrastructure needs improvements in most of the places. But if you are not a person looking for the easy vacation but more an anventure, Kyrgyzstan is the place to be.
Kyrgyzstan has 7 regions: Chui, Issky-Kul, Jalal-Abad, Naryn, Talas, Batken and Osh. Some region have airports but there are very few flights except between Osh and Bishkek. Anyway the country is best seen by traveling with car as you will be amazed by the gorgeous views of the mountains and valleys in between. Kyrgyzstan has made more progress towards democracy than any other Central Asian state after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Drinking water

We do not recommend drinking tap water in Kyrgyzstan. In the bigger cities chlorine level is high killing all the bacteria but the chemical water quality is not that good. Therefore most locals and expats have filters attached to their taps or they buy bottled water which costs approximately 30 som/liter. In the smaller towns it is better to stick with the bottled water totally to avoid stomach problems.

safety

Kyrgyzstan is quite safe country for tourists, but as everywhere, there are certain things to take into  account: Keep your valuables under supervision in the crowded places such as public transport, bazaar etc. Avoid walking alone in the dark streets and look around when crossing the roads as the traffic culture leaves a lot to hope for especially in Bishkek.

Best time to go

Best times to visit are spring and autumn – As most of the Kyrgyz sights are in nature our outdoors it is best to avoid the hottest summer (July-August). If you happen to arrive in the hottest time, be sure to escape to Issyk Kul or other higher areas for moor cool weather. During winter it is a must to take a trip to the ski-resorts near Bishkek and Karakol.

Currency exchange

You will find exchange offices easily in many corners of Bishkek. The most famous place is Sovetskaya intersection Moskovskaya Exchange which is open 24/7. Visa and Mastercard work well with Demir bank and Visa with most other banks as well. Make sure to have enough cash before traveling to regions as it is harder to find working ATMs in the more remote towns and villages especially. 

 

Budget travel

Kyrgyzstan is relatively cheap for accommodation, meals, clothes, transportation and even alcohol. For instance, you can get a bed for $10- $15, lunch for about $3-$5 and a cup of good coffee will be $2. Transportation inside Bishkek will cost you about 60 som – 400 depending on the distance. However, there is a trick to keep in mind, sometimes drivers increase the price if they realize you are a tourist. Remember to agree the price before stepping inside or use the Yandex or Namba taxi for example to make sure the metering is not tampered with. 

Credit card

Recently the numbers of ATMs has increased in Bishkek and restaurants and shops accept most common credit cards such as Visa, MasterCard, Union Pay and others. However, the visa card remains to be the most popular one.  Lately Bishkek shops and restaurants have started to accept online payment as well. Most local people favor cash though.  If you are going to the regions better get cash, there won’t be many places with ATMs there.

Local Sim card

At the arrival terminal of Bishkek Manas International Airport, you can get a free sim card. Most likely they will be handed to you at the exit by local young people working for the operators even if you did not want a one. You may also approach to the Beeline, Megacom, or Oshka stands next to the exit and purchase data straight away. Operator shops are scattered around Bishkek shopping malls and data is very inexpensive. 

Mobile data & WIFI

Mobile data works well in Kyrgyzstan, especially in major cities. There are few spots with free wifi including the trolleybuses and almost all the cafes provide free wifi in Bishkek. Mobile internet is cheap and fast enough to do research and stay in touch with video calls. 4G is available in the major towns. However, in the mountain areas there are very often places without any kind of signal, not even for calls. A good example is the Son-Kul area.

Religion

During the 8th century, Arab invaders conquered what is now Kyrgyzstan and introduced Islam. Kyrgyzstan remains a predominately Muslim country with around ¨83% of the population of Kyrgyzstan are Sunni Muslim, followed by Christians at 15%. A small percentage of the population are Buddhist or Jewish. Nevertheless anyone can get alcohol anytime in Kyrgyzstan and the clothing is relatively free. Having said that it is not uncommon for women with very open clothing to receive unwanted attention from the local young guys.

Kyrgyzstan Must Visit Cities

Interesting Facts about Kyrgyzstan

Check the latest statistics and info from the site of National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Page updated 15.11.2020

Scroll to Top