About Uzbekistan

Magical Silk Road cities, epic wide open spaces and a quirky Soviet past; Uzbekistan has it all. Uzbekistan has come under the rule of empires such as the Macedonian, the Arab, the Persian, and the Mongol. 

Today Uzbeks only came into the picture in the 1500s with the creation of modern day Uzbekistan, which came into being after the dissolution of the Soviet States in the late 1900s.

The Silk Road cities of Bukhara, Samarkand, and Khiva hold some of the world’s most exquisite Islamic architecture and those three cities are must-visit cities in Uzbekistan. Hectic bazaars, half-hidden desert citadels, silk workshops, and the chance to glimpse the vanishing Aral Sea are all world-class draws, and the country is also a convenient launching pad for treks and travel within Central Asia.

uzbek men drinking tea in taapchan

448,978 km2

Uzbekistan is about the size of Sweden. The landscape of Uzbekistan is dry with mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert, even including sand dunes.

The Eastern part of Uzbekistan closer to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan has mountains as well.

36,8 M

Uzbekistan has the largest population of the Central Asian countries. 

Other than Uzbeks, there are minor ethnic groups including Russians, Tajiks, Kazakhs, Koreans, Karakalpaks, and Tatars.

Uzbek, Russian Karakalpak​

Official languages are Uzbek, Russian, and Karakalpak in the northwestern autonomous region.


The currency in Uzbekistan is the sum (S), sometimes spelled som, s’om or soum as well.

It’s easy to feel rich in Uzbekistan – the highest Uzbek note is (100,000S) worth of about 10 $

Uzbekistan quick tips

Drinking water

Tap water in Uzbekistan isn’t safe to drink, especially in Karakalpakstan. Bottled water is available everywhere and its cheap.


Uzbekistan is a relatively safe place. Generally risky traveling at night, including taking overnight local transport or unofficial taxis. 

Use of drones in Uzbekistan will attract fines, detention and confiscation of equipment. Licenses to import drones must be obtained prior to arrival. 

Best time to go

Spring is Uzbekistan’s most gorgeous season with pleasant weather, green pastures, flowers in full bloom and several local holidays as Nooruz and festivals that are well worth seeing. 

Autumn is cool and sunny weather, coupled with bazaars that burst with melons and grapes, call a second wave of tourists to this Silk Road land and its harvest time for country.

Currency exchange

Official exchange booths at airports, hotels, banks, and souvenir shops in Uzbekistan and several private banks will change most currencies into Uzbek som, though US dollars, Euros and Russian Rubles.

here are exchange machines, one in the airport and around the cities as well. 

Travel budget

Uzbekistan is the affordable and perfect destination for budget travelers.

You can expect to pay around 30 – 45 USD per day per person and that should cover accommodation and 3 meals altogether.

Credit card

Today in Tashkent and in the big cities of Uzbekistan you can use card payment, however always keep some cash. It is still a cash economy, so cards are fairly useless outside the central areas of the big cities.

Get also a big bag to carry your money in, as you’ll get big stacks of local currency. There are ATMs in Tashkent, however, they are often short of cash or just don’t work (especially with foreign cards). Make sure to have enough cash outside Tashkent as it might be hard to find any ATMs there.

Local SIM card

Local sim cards can be purchased by tourists in many airports and operator shops with prepaid data. 

Internet speed is ok to navigate around the cities but often slow for video or video calls. 

Please not that if you wish to continue using your mobile phone in Uzbekistan for more than a month, you need to register it to Uzbekistan in the office of local authority.


Internet in Uzbekistan is slow compared to Kyrgyzstan or Kazakhstan but better than in Tajikistan.

The adequate data network is limited to the largest cities and the speed leaves some room for improvement now and then. Tashkent has adequate connections. Most hotels in Uzbekistan do offer free Wi-Fi. TikTok and some news channels are banned in Uzbekistan. 


During the 7th and 8th centuries, Arabs conquered Uzbekistan and converted its population to Islam. Therefore the main religion in Uzbekistan is Islam, 88 % (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, and other 3%. Majority of Karakalpakstan population are muslim as  well. 

Churches of other significant confessions include Armenian Apostolic Church and Jewish synagogues do exist as well.  The majority of Central Asian Jewish people are living in the Bukhara area.

Uzbekistan Must Visit Destinations

Interesting Facts about Uzbekistan

Check the latest statistical information on Uzbekistan in the State Committee of Statistics of Uzbekistan.

Page updated 5.3.2023

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