Irtysh River

Irtysh River

The Irtysh is a river that runs three countries Russia, China and Kazakhstan. Irtysh source lies in the Mongolian Altai in Szhugaria, in the Northern part of Xinjiang in China close to the border with Mongolia. The Irtysh flows through the territory of three countries: China over 525 km, Kazakhstan 1700 km,  and Russia 2010 km. Irtysh source lies in the Mongolian Altai in Szhugaria, in the Northern part of Xinjiang in China close to the border with Mongolia. 

The Irtysh originates on the eastern slopes of the Altai Mountains, on the border of Mongolia and China. Here the river is called Black Irtysh, where the height of the source above sea level is 2500 meters. Rapidly falling from such a height down the Irtysh erodes the banks. Perhaps that is why in translation from the Turkic “Irtysh” means “earth-moving”. Then on the territory of Kazakhstan, the Black Irtysh flows into Lake Zaisan which is a rather large lake, but not very deep. 

Numerous smaller rivers also flow into the lake meaning that after the lake Irtysh, the river Irtysh becomes much stronger and lives up to its real name. From here the river flows to the northwest, in the mountainous landscape of the river is interrupted by a cascade of large power plants. Coming out of the mountain, the river flows along the dry boundless Kazakhstan steppe. In the north of the Omsk Region, the Irtysh is already flowing through the taiga until, near Khanty-Mansiysk, it flows into the Ob River. 

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