Juma Mosque also sometimes written as Djuma mosque is a cathedral mosque of Khiva, located in the center of Ichan-Kala. According to the Arab geographer Mukaddasiy, the Dzhuma Mosque dates back to the 10th century. However, the mosque you see today is built in the later 18th century according to the Munis a historian. He also declares that it was built on the money donated by one of the top officials of his khanate Abdurakhman Mukhtar.
The Juma Mosque was one of the most prominent structures of the Middle Ages. The mosque is notable for its unique composition, its symbolic of the ancient mosques in Khorezm. From the outside the mosque’s appearance quite simple however inside it is magnificant, there are 213 columns. The mosque’s construction dating visible on its entrance doors: 1778-1782. Light through three holes in the ceiling and carved wooden columns create an exclusive atmosphere for prayer. There are two hundred and twelve columns. The majority of them were carved from tree trunks in the 18th- 19th centuries. Some of them were made from ruined medieval buildings. A unique carving decorates their trunks and capitals. They vary in size, form and decoration and are depictive of the high art value of the mosque. Scientists consider that all these features make it comparable to the ancient mosques of Arabia.
The minaret of Djuma-Mosque occupies the central spot. The diameter of Djuma-Mosque’s Minaret is 6.2 m at its base; its height is 3.2 m. An eight-arch lantern with a stalactite cornice and dome crowns the minaret. The roof is finished by an eight-arch lantern with stalactite eaves and dome, the narrowed brick trunk has seven narrow cross-section corbels of turquoise bricks. It is sparsely ornamented unlike other minarets of Khiva. 81 stairs lead to the top of the minaret, and a magnificent view of the city opens.