The city lies in the popular Ferghana Valley which is known for its great fertile piece of Uzbekistan. Fergana is one of the beautiful cities in Uzbekistan and the largest in the valley of the same name. Fergana lies in the eastern part of Uzbekistan, about 420 km the east from Tashkent and 70 km away from Andijan in south-west. The city inhabits about 350,000 people and the area of the city occupies about 95.6 km². Fergana city rises about 600 meters above sea level.
Walking in the streets of Fergana you can notice the explicit layout and a noticeable center of construction. They may remind you of the colonial nature of buildings back in the days of the Russian Empire. Unlike Kokand, Fergana does not yet have medieval constructions because the city is still relatively young.
During the tsarist rule in Fergana were erected a bit number of official institutions. Their buildings date back to the very end of the 19th century. All the architectural beauties of the city are focused in its official part. The city was founded in 1876 in about 20 km from the ancient town of Margilan, it was named New Margilan, later in 1907 became Skobelov, after the first military governor, and in 1924 assumed the valley’s name.
The development of the city can divide into three major stages: the reign of the tsar, Soviet rule, and the period after the end of the Soviet power. All these stages are reflected in the appearance of the city’s architecture. Fergana was located quite far from the railway junction, so its development was somewhat hampered and slowed down. When the Great Patriotic War ended, an industrial leap took place in the city, and some factories were built.
Although the city had existed for over forty years, there was no sewage system or running water until the beginning of the revolution. 1909 was the year of covering the streets and bazaars of Fergana, before this period there were no hard-covered roads.The main development of the city began after the end of the Great Patriotic War. The government took up the education of the population, and the Fergana Pedagogical Institute was built on May 1, 1930. Further, factories and enterprises were built.
1989 was a time of social crisis when the Uzbek and Kyrgyz populations sparked a major conflict with consequent human casualties. Due to the outflow of the Russian-speaking population from the city declined the industry development. Today, Fergana is not in the best position. However, the government is developing a project to improve the economy and the general condition of the city.
How to get to Fergana
Fergana airport is located six km south of Ferghana city centre. The airport has two daily flights to Tashkent, a country crossing weekly flight to Nukus and it receives flights from Russian cities such as Samara, Volgograd, Moscow and St. Petersburg.
From Tashkent operate trains that take around 8 hours to reach the station in Margilan and continue to Andijan.
Bus / Taxi
Buses throughout the valley use the Yermazar regional station north of Ferghana on the road to Margilan. Buses No. 3 & 4 run from the airport through the Hotel Ferghana to the local bus station beside the central bazaar. This station has frequent departures for Yermazar and Margilan, plus Tashkent-bound share taxis takes about 4-5 hours and 8-seater minibusses via the Kamchik tunnel.
What to Do in Fergana
Museum of Local Studies
The Museum of Local Studies includes the Fergana region, covering Kokand and Margilon. You can inspect satellite photos of a green, lush Fergana Valley nestled amid snow-capped peaks. Other exhibits include a Stone Age diorama with some excessively hairy Cro-Magnons, and a Great Patriotic War section unchanged from Soviet times. A 3-D map puts the valley in revealing perspective before stuffed standards of natural- history give way to archaeological displays and pictures of remote carvings.
Al-Fergani Park named after the ninth-century astronomer and Fergana valley resident who like several of Central Asia’s finest minds bloomed at Caliph Al-Mamum’s ‘House of Wisdom’ in Merv and later Baghdad. The park lies next to the Mustakillik Kuchasi means Independence Street.
Fergana’s most attractive attraction is certainly its bazaar, filled with good-natured Uzbek traders, leavened with Korean and Russian vendors selling homemade specialties. It lies over several blocks north of the center, sitting a considerable obstacle to the flow of traffic.