Gijduvon, also written G’jjduvon, is a small town in the Bukhara region but once it was a cultural, mercantile and religious center of the region. Today it is a commercial center for not only its own district but also for neighboring areas. Gijduvon is mostly interesting for a tourist due to one of the three Ulugh Bek madrassahs residing there. The two others are in Samarkand and Bukhara.

A tomb and a monument of a famous Central Asian philosopher Abduholik Gijduvoni are also located in G’ijduvon. All the major historical sights of Gijduvon are located in the very center of the city and are easily seen by walking. This town is conveniently located on the way between Navoi and Bukhara, making it a nice stop over to stretch ones legs along the road between the cities.

Gijduvon minaret
Gijduvan madrassa and pool

Ulugbek Madrasa in Gijduvon

The third madrasa of Ulugbek at Gijduvan is simpler in plan and more modest in size compared to the earlier built ones in Samarkand and Bukhara. A double door decorated with carvings leads into a small, vaulted passage hall and through this – directly into the courtyard of the madrasa.

The entrance is flanked by two traditional buildings – the mosque on the right and the Darskhona on the left. The almost square courtyard of the madrasa is surrounded by a one-storey arcade, under which are the entrances to ten hujjras. The hujras of the madrasa are small rooms covered by domes in four cases and simple lancet vaults in the others. The madrasa in Gijduvan is very similar to the madrasa in Bukhara in its external decoration, both in the technical methods of execution and in the ornamentation. This similarity is reinforced by the fact that both madrasas were thoroughly renovated at the end of the XVI century.

Gijduvan - Ulugbek Madrasa
Mosaic in Gijduvon Madrassa

Directly opposite the entrance to the madrasa is the Hodja Abdul-Halik-Mazar, located in a small courtyard enclosed by a brick fence on the north, east and south sides. The courtyard is enclosed on the north and east sides by a brick fence supported on five wooden posts. Adjacent to the courtyard to the west is a mosque consisting of a shed on two wooden pillars. An interesting feature of the mosque is a wooden mihrab with a stalactite niche, which has three rows of stalactites and a small half-dome.

Gijduvon Ceramics Museum

The Gijduvon School of Ceramics boasts ancient and profound origins, with the artistry passed down through generations from fathers to sons. Presently, the sixth generation of masters from the Narzullaev family resides in Gijduvon.

Within the Gijduvon Ceramics Museum, an extensive collection of ceramic artifacts, celebrated for their cultural significance in Uzbekistan, is on display. Gijduvon stands as the birthplace of a distinctive school of ceramic art, recognized for its utilization of geometric patterns and floral designs in the embellishment of ceramic pieces. Notably, Gijduvon ceramics are characterized by an abundance of pots and jars. The museum exhibits items where warm golden-green tones dominate the painted motifs. Another distinguishing feature is the plant-inspired pattern along the edges of the artifacts, along with a clear differentiation between the top and bottom of the designs, symbolizing the “sky” and the “earth.”

Sights & Destinations near GIjduvon

Page updated 11.9.2022

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