Khakha is also known as Kaahka and Qah Qaha fortress belongs to a2nd century B.C. monument left from the Kushan era Empire when the Great Silk Road was flourishing. There is no evidence of how the fortress appeared but most possible that the Kah-Kakha fortress rose thanks to this trade route and its purpose was to defend caravans heading from China to Afghanistan and India along the Wakhan corridor. The decline of the fortress matches with the time of Arab conquest to Central Asia, in the 7th century.
Khakha Fortress is the second notable fortification built in Wakhan to defend Western Pamirs after the Yamchun fort. The fortress got its name after a legendary hero and the king of Siahpushes- Qanqaha or Khakha. Siahpushes are known to be fire-worshippers and worn black gowns following this Zoroastrian cult. It was constructed on a large natural cliff over the Panj River southeast of the Ishkashim town. This fortress had been serving as a defense construction from the 2nd century B.C up to the 7th century A.D.
Now only the ruins survive from the massive fortress that was once a solid fortification construction. The fortress lies on the right bank of the river Panj and the river served as a defense from the southern part. Kah-Kakha is built on a separate big cliff with a height of over 10 meters which made the fortress not easy to reach. The walls were built of clay and stones and fortified by 56 towers with gun holes. Though the fortress is partly destroyed by time, water and winds the remains still give a clear understanding of the size and its military might. The inner layout is the same as at Yamchun fort: citadel plus 3 grounds. The total length of the wall is 750 meters and its maximum width is 280m. Now Kah-Kakha is a historical site on Pamir Highway. The fortress’s eastern side serves as a frontier post, where the unit of Tajik troops controls the border with Afghanistan.
Page updated 28.01.2021