Wakhan Corridor is officially Afghanistan’s territory opposed to Tajikistan’s Wakhan Valley at its northern side. It stands in the remote surrounded with Steep, rough-walled high mountains region. The area is divided by the river valleys that braid together the Pamir, Tien Shan, Karakorum and Hindu Kush. The Wakhan Corridor is a narrow panhandle of alpine valleys and high mountains that extend eastward from the Badakhshan region following the headwaters of the Amu Darya River to its sources in the Pamir Mountains.
Wakhan Corridor borders Tajikistan to the north, Pakistan to the south, and China to the east. It is more than 200 km long east to west and between 20 km and 60 km wide north to south, covering a total area of about 10 300 km2. Wakhan Corridor covers the easternmost ranges of the Hindu Kush and the southeasternmost ranges of the Greater Pamir range to a point where they join the Karakorums.
Wakhan Corridor was formed in the late 19th century as a result of the Great Game between the British and the Russians. The Wakhan Corridor was decided to serve as a buffer between the territories of these two empires. The Wakhan, including what is known as the Pamir Knot, is an area of unique gain both from the point of view of its environment and biodiversity as well as its human population of settled Wakhi farmers and transhumance herders, the yurt-dwelling Kyrgyz. The Wakhan is divided into three geographical sections, the main Wakhan strip between Ishkeshem and Qala Panja and the Pamir Knot, which is made up of two blocks of high mountains and the Pamir-e-Kalan or Big Pamir, and the Pami-e-Khord or Little Pamir.
The formation of these empire dictated borders separated the Wakhi people into inhabitants of 3 different countries. Together with the set borders the communication has also declined and has caused each of the Wakhi peoples to find their own ways. In the early 20th century, Kyrgyz shepherds were trying to safeguard their traditional way of life from Russian interference and fled to the most desolate parts of the Wakhan Corridor where they remain to this day. Like everything else in this area, visiting them is an undertaking that demands time, effort and money, but is for sure worth it. They live a lot like in the lot older times that the Wakhan area and Pamir has seen.