Pamir National Park

Pamir National Park

Pamir National Park, which is also known as Tajik National Park or Mountains of the Pamirs, covers the territory of 2,6 million hectares meaning it is more than 18% of the total area of Tajikistan, making it the largest conservation area in Central Asia. It is where Central Asia’s tallest mountain ranges, including the Hindu Kush, the Himalayas, Karakoram, Kunlun and Tien Shan meet forming the so called “knot” of mountains. The largest part of the park lies within GBAO, however, it also extends west towards Jirgital in the Rasht Valley. The area is truly impressive from geology to biodiversity. Tajik National Park has also been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2013 for its outstanding natural value. 

The park is home to various wildlife, landscapes and habitats, from arid deserts and bottomless gorges to mountain lakes, open grasslands and snow-capped alpine glacial peaks. The park holds 40 peaks with heights over 6000 m and there are three peaks over 7000 m, including Peak Somony, Peak Lenin and Peak Korenevsky. Trekkers and mountaineers are also attracted by several large glaciers like 77 km long Fedchenko and the 27 km long Grumm-Grzhimaylo glaciers as well as the high altitude lakes like Karakul and Sarez

Furthermore, the park has an excellent collection of biodiversity, mainly due to its isolation and lack of human existence. There are more than 2 000 species of plants, of which about 100 are endemic. Species such as the “Melandrium apetalum, and Sibbaldia tetandra” have developed in such a way that they can survive the cold even at the altitude of 4 800 m. 

Pamir National park is surrounded by still-active tectonic plates that have made the park a rather unwelcoming place for humans. Therefore, it is still home to species of incredible animals and the wildlife watching opportunities within Pamir National Park are therefore unusual. You may see a variety of wildlife from Siberian ibex and Marco Polo argali sheep to brown bears and snow leopards. 

For those interested in fishing, Pamir National Park’s rivers are home to an array of endemic fish species. With all of that on offer, it is no surprise that Tajik National Park attracts hundreds and thousands of scientists, researchers, and biologists each year. 

Yak carrying the goods in Pamir

Sights near Tajik National park

Page updated 15.3.2021

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